The sculpture Worker and Kolkhoz Woman by sculptor V. I. Mukhina and architect B. M. Iofan was opened in 1938 in front of the Northern entrance of VDNH. The monument is a dynamic sculptural group of two figures, a worker and a collective farmer, with their hands raised and touching, in which they hold a hammer and a sickle. The sculpture is made of stainless chrome-Nickel steel. The height of the sculptures is about 25 meters, the height of the pavilion-pedestal is 34.5 meters. The total weight is 185 tons.
The monument was created by sculptor Vera Mukhina for the 1937 world exhibition in Paris. There it was placed on a pedestal with a height of 34.5 meters. In 1939, the sculpture was installed next to VDNH, but on an eleven-meter pedestal. The decision to dismantle the sculpture and restore it was made in 2003. After the work, it was installed on a new pedestal, which is located closer to Mira Avenue. Inside the pedestal there is a Museum and exhibition center Worker and Kolkhoz Woman.
Author: Nadezda Pushkina